Production Stages of Dress Cover Fabrics

Production Stages of Dress Cover Fabrics

Production Stages of dress cover Fabrics

In every field of the textile industry, fabric analyzes are made in accordance with the textile product to be produced, and the production stages of the fabric are started.

From ready-to-wear to technical, medicine to construction, the textile industry is divided into many different sub-areas, and the fabrics used in these areas differ. Considering the requirements and characteristics of each area, the use of different fabrics is optimized and production starts with the ones with the highest performance as a result of these analyzes..

In the clothing industry, for example, natural fabrics, cotton, linen, wool, synthetic, silk, and fabrics such as poltester are the most common fabric types.

Before all this; What is the fabric, how are the fabrics classified, the production of the fabric, and the production stages of the dress cover fabric, we will share them with you in this article.

  1. Production Stages of dress cover Fabrics
    1. What is Fabric?
    2. Fabric Types
    3. herbal fabrics
    4. Animal Fabrics
    5. Synthetic Fabrics
    6. From Raw Material to Fabric: 3 Fabric Production Techniques
  2. Production Stages of dress cover Fabric Consisting of 5 Steps

      What is Fabric?

      It is the general name given to the surfaces created by first turning the fabric raw materials into yarn and then bringing them together through various methods. These surfaces can be cotton, linen, wool, synthetic, silk, and poltester, as we mentioned in the introduction, but not limited to this.

      Fabric Types

      If we want to take a closer look at the raw materials that make up these fabrics, without moving on to the types of fabrics, we can classify the raw materials as follows;

      1. Raw materials obtained from various plants (flax, cotton and similar)

      2.Animal raw materials (Wool, cashmere and similar)

      3.Synthetic raw materials (Acrylic, polyester and similar)

      These raw materials are made into yarns with various production techniques, and then these yarns are turned into fabrics.

      herbal fabrics

      1. Cotton: Cotton fabrics are obtained from the cotton plant. The cotton harvested with the help of machines is sent to cotton plants for processing. It is cleaned from seeds and residues with the help of rollers in the facilities and becomes ready for production.

      2. Linen: Linen fabrics are produced from the flax plant. This plant is removed from the ground with the help of hand and the seeds are removed. The fibers of the imagined linen material are separated and made ready for fabric production.

      Animal Fabrics

      3. Silk: Silk fabrics are obtained by harvesting silkworm cocoon. Silkworm cocoons are first softened and then covered with filament layers to be removed as a single thread. The obtained silk raw material goes into production, which is the next stage.

      4. Wool: Wool fabrics are obtained from shortened sheep wool. The extracted raw material is washed, scanned and goes to the production stage of the fabric with the help of hand or machine.

      Synthetic Fabrics

      5.Nylon: Nylon fabrics, or fiber, was the first fabric produced by humans. Its production is very similar to rayon, but no vegetable raw materials are used in the production of nylon. Nylon is produced through water, coal and petroleum by-products.

      6.Polyester: Polyester raw material is very similar to nylon but slightly more beneficial in terms of durability and versatility. In addition, polyester raw material is produced from alcohols.

      From Raw Material to Fabric: 3 Fabric Production Techniques

      It is the production technique that is considered first in the production of the fabric. Fabrics are mainly;

      1.Weaving: The basic principle in the weaving method is to produce by interlacing the braids.

      2. Knitting: In knitting method, fabrics are formed by turning threads into loops by means of needles.

      3.Nonwoven: In addition to these, the nowoven fabric production technique is realized by connecting and attaching the fibers to each other by taking its power from water. The prominent feature of nonwoven fabrics produced in this way is that they have a nonwoven surface.

      Production Stages of dress cover Fabric Consisting of 5 Steps

      Fabric production consists of 5 basic steps and the same steps are valid for the production of dress cover fabric; 1. The fabric production techniques we mentioned above are the first leg of the fabric production phase. In short, the first stage of fabric creation is to produce yarn from raw materials.

      The raw material obtained and processed at this stage is converted into yarns. The processes of converting to yarn are made by means of the relevant fabric production machines.

      Fabrics produced with nonwoven technique, which is the most used fabric in dress cover production; It is preferred with its production method, non-woven surface and durability.

      To talk about the nonwoven production technique in particular, these fabrics are produced with a non-woven surface, formed from fibers, cut or filament, bonded with different bonding techniques. Unlike weaving and knitting techniques, they are low-cost textile fabrics produced for special uses and protection.

      2. The second stage is the pre-fixing process. Pre-fixed fabric structurally corrects, equalizes and reduces the tension that may exist between the yarns. In this way, deterioration, rotation and wrinkles that may occur on the surface of the fabric are removed.

      In this way, the folds of the edges of the fabric are corrected, the fabric is given dimension, and all wrinkles that can cause trouble in the next stages are prevented.

      3.Then the fabric goes to dyeing and printing processes. All dyeing/coloring processes in textile are done at this stage by dyeing and printing methods. With the processes performed here, the fabric is colored and processed for the permanence of this color.

      4. As the fourth step, sanforizing is applied to the fabric. This step is the process applied to fabrics made of cellulose fibers. The purpose of this step is to provide size stabilization and iron out wrinkles.

      5. The fifth and last step is to provide the final control of the fabric. At this stage, various errors that may occur from machines, dyes and prints are corrected and the fabric is finalized.

      After these stages, the fabric becomes final. A fabric that has completed all these stages is now ready for another journey…

      The fabric, which has passed the production stage in Pevabag, is now ready to take the form of dress cover.

      While continuing especially with nonwoven fabrics, Pevabag finalizes the dress cover by discussing all the personalized features to be made with the customers at all other production stages.